Who married Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang?

Hong Taiji married Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang .

Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang

Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang

Empress Xiaozhuangwen (28 March 1613 – 27 January 1688), of the Khorchin Mongol Borjigit clan, personal name Bumbutai, was a consort of Hong Taiji. She was 21 years his junior.

As Empress Dowager and Grand Empress Dowager during the reigns of her son and grandson respectively, she had significant influence in the Qing imperial court and was highly respected for her political wisdom and insight. Although she never held the rank of Empress during Hong Taiji's reign, she was posthumously honoured as an empress.

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Wedding Rings

Hong Taiji

Hong Taiji

Hong Taiji (28 November 1592 – 21 September 1643), sometimes written as Huang Taiji and formerly referred to as Abahai in Western literature, was the second Khan of Later Jin (reigned from 1626 to 1636) and the founding emperor of the Qing dynasty (reigned from 1636 to 1643). He was responsible for consolidating the empire that his father Nurhaci had founded and laid the groundwork for the conquest of the Ming dynasty, although he died before this was accomplished. He was also responsible for changing the name of his people from Jurchen to Manchu in 1635, as well as that of the dynasty from Later Jin to Qing in 1636. The Qing dynasty lasted until 1912.

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Siblings of Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang and their spouses:

Father of Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang and his spouses:

Mother of Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang and her spouses: